HSK

Brief Introduction to HSK

1. What is the Chinese Proficiency Test (HSK)?

The Chinese Proficiency Test (HSK) is a series test to assess the Chinese language proficiency of non-native speakers. It assesses the examinees' ability to use the Chinese language in communicative activities and understanding in the environment of studying in educational institutions, enterprises and other organizations. The HSK is the abbreviation of Chinese Pinyin: Hanyu Shuiping Kaoshi.

The HSK consists of HSK (Basic), HSK (Elementary-Intermediate), HSK (Advanced), HSK (for Young Learners), HSK (for Business), HSK (for Secretaries), HSK (for Tourism). The HSK can fulfill the needs of testing and evaluating Chinese language proficiency in world wide.

The HSK (Basic), HSK (Elementary-Intermediate) and HSK (Advanced) are connected on the degree levels. They serve as the examination and evaluation for beginners, intermediate and advanced learners of the Chinese language. They also provide the testing reference to the relating educational institutions and certain organizations. The HSK (for Young Learners) is mainly for the young Chinese language learners under the age of 15. The HSK (for Business), HSK (for Secretaries) and HSK (for Tourism) are formed as the vocational Chinese Proficiency Test, which serves for the related organizations to provide testing reference for the process of policy making when enrolling, selecting and training personnel.

The HSK (Basic), HSK (Elementary-Intermediate) and HSK (Advanced) are primary tests. The HSK (for Young Learners), HSK (for Business), HSK (for Secretaries) and HSK (for Tourism) are secondary or branch tests. Branch tests are the new tests designed and developed from the basis of the main tests, in order to accommodate to the needs of the development of the Chinese language in the world and fulfill the needs of various groups of examinees. The main tests and branch tests are either related or independent. They complement each other. Each test is designed and developed under the fixed standard of the HSK.

With the development and practice of 20 years, the HSK has become a predominant test of bright characteristics. The HSK test has become the first choice of Chinese proficiency adopted by many groups and users worldwide. By the end of 2003, more than 300,000 overseas examinees had taken HSK.

2. The Advantages of the HSK

A person, with minimum passing score in each level, will get a "Chinese Proficiency Certificate" for that level issued by the State Committee for the Chinese proficiency Test.

2.1. A person, with a "Chinese Proficiency Certificate" qualified above HSK Level 3 (HSK Basic A or HSK Elementary C), can attend higher institutions of education in China for he or she also courses in science, engineering, agriculture and Western medicine; can take the test of HSK (for Business), HSK (for Secretaries) and/or HSK (for Tourism).

2.2. A person, with a "Chinese Proficiency Certificate" qualified above the HSK Level 6, can attend the higher institutions of education in China for courses in literature, history and Chinese medicine.

2.3. A person, with a "Chinese Proficiency Certificate" qualified above HSK Level 9 can attend the higher institutions of education in China to take courses for post-graduates.

2.4. A person, with a "Chinese Proficiency Certificate" qualified for HSK Basic, Elementary, Intermediate and Advanced Level, can be exempt from attending the corresponding Chinese courses and can apply for jobs in various organizations of the world, which need working personnel with Chinese language proficiency.

2.5. The "Chinese Proficiency Certificate" qualified for HSK (for Young Learners) can be a proving-test to test the examinees' Chinese language level and communicative ability, can test the results of the Chinese language teaching in a school and can be the enrollment reference for the examinees who wish to study in China.

2.6. A person, with a "Chinese Proficiency Certificate" qualified for HSK (for Business), HSK (for Secretaries) and/or HSK (for Tourism), can be exempt from attending the corresponding Chinese courses and can apply for jobs to various organizations of the world, which need working personnel with Chinese language proficiency.

3. The Examination Level•

The correspondence between HSK's grades and the "International Chinese Competency Standards" is shown in the following table:


3.1 Candidates who pass HSK (Level 1) can understand and use some very simple Chinese words and sentences to meet specific communication needs and have the ability to further learn Chinese.

3.2 Candidates who pass the HSK (Level 2) can use Chinese to familiarize themselves with everyday topics for simple and direct communication and achieve primary Chinese proficiency.

3.3 Candidates who pass the HSK (Level 3) can use the Chinese language to complete basic communication tasks in life, study, and work. When traveling in China, they can cope with most communication tasks encountered.

3.4 Candidates who pass the HSK (Level 4) can speak on a wide range of topics in Chinese and communicate more fluently with native speakers of Chinese.

3.5Candidates who pass HSK (Grade 5) can read Chinese newspapers and magazines, enjoy Chinese film and television programs, and use Chinese for more complete speeches.

3.6 Candidates who pass the HSK (Level 6) can easily understand the Chinese information they have heard or read, and can fluently express their opinions in Chinese, either verbally or in written form.